root canal

What is Root Canal ?

Root Canal is a so-called endodontic treatment, use to repair and save a tooth that is infected or badly decayed. It is a consequential procedure, despite the dentist’s best effort to clean and seal the tooth, new infection might emerge.

It is a treatment to eliminate bacteria from the root canal and removing the inflamed pulp. After that toot is carefully cleaned, filled then sealed.

Some patients need anesthesia while some not, one can not say it is an easy procedure like filling or getting a wisdom tooth removed. Patients generally need root canals when they feel their teeth are sensitive. It’s important to take some precautions during the treatment so that it can last a lifetime.

There are some symptoms that show one needs root canal therapy:-

  • Severe pain while chewing or biting
  • Pimples on the gums
  • A cracked tooth
  • Sensation while eating too cold or too hot
  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Deep decay or darkening of the gums

The process is full of myths, now it’s nothing like old days sayings. Now it’s getting painless and extremely effective.

The first step is X-ray to check the shape and size of the root canal. Next, to keep the mouth dry and free of saliva during treatment, a hole is drilled in and the pulp is sucked out after that cleaning of the tooth accomplished. Once it’s clean it needs sealing. The uncomfort last for 3 to 4 days.

Root canal therapy is performed when the pulp is released from the blood vessel in the tooth and it became infected. The tooth nerve is the “root” or “legs” of the tooth and vitally important for the tooth’s health. Its function to provide sensations to hot and cold. When pulp is infected, the bacteria begin to multiply and can cause infection to other teeth.

There are some complications in the process too. If the pulp becomes injured or diseased it can’t repair on its own and tissues may die. If the cavity is deep and the tooth is cracked or a case of loose filling bacteria can enter the pulp and eventually destroy it and cause infection to the bone, eventually the tooth becomes loose and need to be extracted.

Root canal therapy usually saves the tooth and eliminate the pain. If tooth cant is saved next option is to the implant which is time raking , costly, and needs more supervision and attention. After the treatment, if the pain stays dentist may prescribe an antibiotic to treat or prevent infection. The cost varies on the damage to the tooth.

Saving the natural tooth with root canal treatment has many advantages

  • Protect other teeth from infection
  • Natural look
  • Effective chewing

Disadvantages of root canal

  • Sometimes not successful requires further treatment
  • Tooth sometimes become darker or colorless
  • It can make teeth more fragile.


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